Birmingham Traffic Accident Statistics

Birmingham Traffic Accident Statistics

Motor vehicle accidents are one of Alabama’s leading causes of personal injury, taking thousands of lives in the U.S. each year. Birmingham traffic statistics and other traffic information across the state provide evidence to regard Alabama as the having the second highest fatality rate in the nation. 

At Pepper & Odom, P.C., our auto accident attorneys understand that even the most conscientious motorist can suffer an injury due to someone else’s negligence. We fight to help injured victims recover compensation for their medical bills, loss of income, pain, and suffering, and other damages. 

Understanding Birmingham traffic accident statistics can help you avoid any risk factors that lead to serious crashes, helping you stay safer on the road.


The Center for Advanced Public Safety at the University of Alabama frequently analyzes auto accident data provided by law enforcement agencies and the Alabama Department of Transportation. It helps them determine the risk factors and causes of many types of accidents. 

It also assists agencies in developing strategies that raise public awareness of how to avoid dangerous driving practices, including Birmingham traffic accidents. Starting in 2012, the University of Alabama worked with Southern Traffic Services (STS) to implement the Highway Performance Monitoring System (HPMS) on behalf of the Alabama Department of Transportation (ALDOT).

Since then, the use of HPMS allows ALDOT to collect traffic data for their annual federal highway funding. This system also allowed for a better way to collect traffic information all over the state.

Now, you may ask, what is HPMS? The Highway Performance Monitoring System, developed in 1978 as a national highway transportation system database, can dispense information gathered on the nation’s highways, including extent, condition, performance, usage, and operating characteristics.

Nowadays, Alabama implements quite a few Highway Traffic Safety programs to help gather statistics on traffic information. Some of those projects, implemented by a national transportation research nonprofit, include RESCUE, SAFETY, MOVE, and CARE, all of which improve Alabama’s data collection of traffic citations, driver history, court adjudication, emergency medical services, and statewide traffic analysis.


Driver errors are partly to blame for over 90 percent of auto accidents, as shown consistently by multiple studies. Often, poor judgement is the usual cause of auto accidents in Alabama, where the fatality rates from accidents exceed the national average.

Some of the most common causes of traffic accidents in Birmingham and throughout Alabama include speeding, distracted driving, operating a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or drugs, and reckless driving. Sadly, most of these crashes could be preventable if it weren’t for motorists’ negligent driving behaviors. 

In addition, ALDOT’s most recent crash data report showed many common causes for the occurrence of auto accidents. Out of those many causes, failure to yield right of way caused 20,000 accidents in the year of 2014, 76 of those accidents were fatal.

Some of the other common causes of auto accidents in Alabama include:

  • Misjudging Stopping Distance

  • Running Off The Road

  • Tailgating

  • Unseen Objects, Vehicles, or People

  • Improper Lane Usage

  • Swerving To Avoid Vehicles or Objects

  • Failure to Follow Street Signs, Streetlights, or Street Officers

  • Failure To Yield Right of Way

Oddly enough, TRIP states from their sources that Birmingham traffic accident fatalities could also be contributed to road conditions. Reports from the Birmingham Business Journal state that the poor road conditions costs Alabama drivers almost $2000 every year, and causes traffic congestion leading to more auto accidents.

Our personal injury lawyers have successfully recovered compensation for injured victims and the families of those who suffer fatality in all types of motor vehicle accident cases involving negligence.


Birmingham traffic accident statistics show that it’s a major area for car crashes in the state of Alabama. Jefferson County had the highest number of motor vehicle accidents in 2018, with 30,141 of them happening in urban areas and 4,122 occurring in rural areas.

Some other sobering 2018 Alabama traffic statistics include:

  • A car accident took place every 3 minutes and 17 seconds
  • 47,419 crashes in Alabama resulted in more than 10,000 people being injured
  • Someone becomes injured in a car accident in Alabama every 11 minutes and 5 seconds


In 2018, 953 people lost their lives in traffic accidents in Alabama, with 92 of them occurring in Jefferson County, according to Birmingham traffic accident statistics. Motorcyclists and those involved in accidents with 18-wheelers are particularly at risk of being killed in a crash.

Most fatal accidents occur in rural areas, while the smaller half takes place on city roads and highways. Almost 13% of all fatal auto accidents happen off the roadway, which is odd considering most car crashes occur on the roadway.

Birmingham traffic accidents account for over 11% of all accidents within the city limits, yet the population of Birmingham only makes up little over 4% of the total populous of Alabama. This makes Birmingham traffic slightly less likely for any occurring auto accidents to be fatal. 

As we stated before, fatal accidents tend to occur in more rural areas rather than more populated areas. Other 2018 Alabama accident fatality statistics include:

The fatality rate of Alabama auto accidents is 21.3 deaths per 100,000 people, which double the amount of the national average of 11.6 deaths per 100,000. Fatality rates of auto accidents in Alabama are second only to Mississippi’s rate, according to national data organization Safewise and Alabama’s very own Yellowhammer News.

Essentially, out of the total population of Alabama, which is 4.88 million, an estimated expectation of 1,038 fatalities are to occur in Alabama auto accidents this year. Some experts suggest states like Alabama and Mississippi have such high fatality rates from auto accidents due to a lack of laws pertaining to driving while using a cellular device.


If you or a loved one suffer an injury in a Birmingham traffic accident, our lawyers can evaluate your case and advise you on how to proceed. At Pepper & Odom, P.C., we care about our clients and their families — our primary goal is to make things right for you while holding responsible parties accountable for their actions. 

We fight aggressively against insurance companies to help you get the recovery you deserve to protect your health and financial security. Your initial consultation is always free, and our personal injury lawyers don’t collect attorney fees unless we recover compensation for you.


Our seasoned legal team at Pepper & Odom, P.C., can help you understand your rights as an injured victim and pursue all possible sources of compensation for your damages and losses. To speak with one of our attorneys that has experience with Birmingham traffic accidents, call our Birmingham, Alabama office at 205-250-1107, contact us online, or call 601-202-1111 to reach us in Jackson, Mississippi. 

We also accept cases throughout Alabama, Mississippi, and nationwide, utilizing local counsel.